- Identify your soil - Does your property have a clay-based soil, or sandy? This will determine how much watering is needed. Generally, a clay-based soil will need considerably less water than a sandy soil because the clay retains more water over time.
- For clay-based soils - Water should be applied slowly over the course of a day to allow for the water to be absorbed into the soil. Too heavy watering can lead to pooling of water or water actually running off the site rather than being absorbed. Once the water is absorbed into the soil, watering shouldn't be needed for a few days.
- For sandy soils - Water should be applied in short intervals, which will allow the water to properly reach the root zone. Watering too heavily will cause the water to reach beyond the root zone becoming unavailable for the plant, and possibly leading to loss of nutrients in the soil.
- Water in the morning - Try to water early in the morning. Watering in the daytime leads to excessive evaporation and inefficient water use. Be careful though. Watering in the middle of the night can lead to excessive moisture and promote fungus growth. I suggest setting your sprinkler cycles to finish by 7am.
Information below was used in the writing of this article: Goldy, Ron. "Soil Type Influence Irrigation Strategy." http://msue.anr.msu.edu/news/soil_type_influences_irrigation_strategy. Michigan State University Extension. 9 February 2012. 29 July 2014.